Before we are talking about mystery of RinjaniMountain, we would like to share the topography of the mountain.Rinjani Mountain is a mountain which is located on the LombokIsland, Nusa Tenggara Barat. Rinjani Mountain is the third highest volcano in Indonesia, with an altitude of 3,726 m above sea level and it is located at latitude 8º25 ‘LS and 116º28’ BT. Rinjani Mountain is a favorite for Indonesian climbers mountain because of the beauty of the scenery.
Rinjani Mountain is part of Rinjani Mountain National Park which has an area of about 41,330 ha and will be enlargedbecome 76,000 ha to the west and east.
While Crater Lake SegaraAnak with BarujariMountainlakeside are located in the east of Rinjani Mountain. Rinjani Mountain with the highest point 3.726m asl, Rinjani Mountain dominates most of the scenery of the northern part Lombok Island.
On the west side there is a caldera cone of Rinjani Mountain with an area of about 3500 m × 4800 m. In this caldera ther isSegaraAnakand the width of area is about 11,000,000 meters with a depth of 230 m. The water which flows from the lake is very beautiful waterfall. In SegaraAnak many carp whichis often used for fishing. The southern part of the lake is called SegaraEndut.
Lake SegaraAnakhas mysteries and supernatural powers, which is why people feel welcome to stay long in this place. Here community’s supernatural beings called Jin. Each year the ceremony was held at the lake either by Hindu Balinese society or Islam Sasak. Balinese Hindu community holds religious ceremonies at this laketwice a year. Sasak community can hold a few times in a year. There are white waterfalls and hot water which are frequently visited by people for medicinal treatment.
The peak of Rinjani Mountain in Lombok believed as a place of the queen, the queen of Rinjani Mountain isDewiAnjani. From the top to the southeast there is a sea of caldera which is called asSegaraMuncar.
Based on the myth, DewiAnjaniis a daughterof KingSelaparang. KingSelaparangmarried with Jin whichlivesinRinjani Mountain; he did it because he asked the rain to the Jin because Selaparangkingdomis in dryness at that time. That is whytodaypeopleof SasakandHinduDharmainLombokoftenheld ritualsMulangPekelem, the ritualfor asking raintoDewiAnjaniby givinggoodsin the form ofgolden platesgive it intoSegaraAnak.
On the other hand, according to the story of Lombok people, DewiAnjani is a princess who was not allowed by his father married to her beloved.
Otherwise based on another resources, in the Rinjani Mountain, if the full moon appears, the parents and their children climb to the mountain. They don’t choose the easy route, SembalunLawang, butthe choose dangerrouteinSenaru. It takes time until 8 hours to get the top Sangkareang an do any traditional ceremony.
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